application of RF data transmission in freeway ramp metering

by Gene P. Ritch

Publisher: Texas Transportation Institute, Texas A&M University in College Station, Tex

Written in English
Published: Pages: 68 Downloads: 102
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Subjects:

  • Traffic signs and signals,
  • Roads -- Interchanges and intersections,
  • Express highways -- Communication systems

Edition Notes

Statementby Gene P. Ritch ; sponsored by the Texas State Department of Highways and Public Transportation in cooperation with the U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration.
SeriesResearch report / Texas Transportation Institute ;, 210-9, Research report (Texas Transportation Institute) ;, 210-9.
ContributionsTexas. State Dept. of Highways and Public Transportation., United States. Federal Highway Administration.
Classifications
LC ClassificationsHE203 .T43 no. 210-9, TE228 .T43 no. 210-9
The Physical Object
Paginationxiii, 68 p. :
Number of Pages68
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL2818865M
LC Control Number83620637

Angeles. By the early 's, ramp metering systems existed in twenty metropolitan areas within the United States, along with numerous cities around the world. In addition to on-ramp metering, freeway-to-freeway connector ramp meters have been successful in several areas including Minneapolis, San Antonio, and San Diego. The Rationale for Ramp. In this paper, C-MIXCROS and D-MIXCROS, 2 new feedback-based coordinated ramp metering strategies, that explicitly consider ramp queues, are proposed and then evaluated using both macroscopic (Rutgers Macroscopic Simulation Environment) and microscopic (PARAMICS) simulation models (on an mile-long corridor of I in South Jersey) under different demand conditions. Types of Ramp Metering When the merge area of the freeway is not a bottleneck, an uncontrolled single-lane freeway entrance ramp may have a throughput capacity of to vehicles per hour (VPH). The same ramp will have lower capacity when metered. The maximum theoretical metering capacity depends on the type of strategy used. A series of ramps could be metered to avoid flow breakdown or to lessen the extent of congestion at freeway downstream bottleneck locations. Although ramp metering might improve the traffic flow on the freeway but it increases the delays to vehicles behind metered ramps and induces ramp vehicles to divert if alternative routes can be found.

Accident Analysis and Prevention 38 () – Quantifying effects of ramp metering on freeway safety Chris Leea, Bruce Hellingab,∗, Kaan Ozbayc a Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Central Florida, Orlando, FL , USA b Department of Civil Engineering, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ont., Canada N2L 3G1 c Department of Civil and Environmental. Author(s): Rudjanakanoknad, Jittichai | Abstract: This research describes field studies of how on-ramp metering can increase the capacity of freeway merges. Some effects of on-ramp metering have been known for a long time. We have known that on-ramp metering can 1) increase freeway flow and speed upstream of a merge; and 2) reduce system-wide delay by alleviating gridlock-causing queues that. Ramp meter technology and equipment is not much different than the technology and equipment used at a typical signal-controlled intersection. The main differences arise from the location of the ramp meter on a freeway on-ramp, and the purpose of a ramp meter . Ramp metering, the most direct and efficient way to control freeway networks, aims at improving traffic conditions by appropriately regulating inflow from the on-ramps to the freeway mainstream. Coordinated ramp-metering strategies make use of measurements from a freeway network to control all metered ramps included therein. A new traffic-.

In the Twin Cities metropolitan area, freeway ramp metering goes back as early as , when the Minnesota Department of Transportation (Mn/DOT) first tested ramp metering in a IE pilot project. To date, the Twin Cities ramp metering system has grown to include ramp meters, with off-ramp queues backed up to the freeway mainline are due to heavy peak-hour demand, limited off-ramp storage and service capacity, inefficient operation at the off-ramp terminal intersection, and congestion on the artery near the freeway off-ramp. Typically, all that can be done to alert. Yasar, I, Ozbay, K & Kachroo, P , Evaluation of new coordinated feedback-based freeway ramp metering strategy using macroscopic and microscopic simulation models. in Applications of Advanced Technology in Transportation - Proceedings of the Ninth International Conference on Applications of Advanced Technology in Transportation. Applications of Advanced Technology in Transportation. meters from the MUTCD, Green Book, FHWA Ramp Metering Handbook and Missouri design practices. Figure 1 shows an example of a ramp meter involving a portable traffic signal and three static signs: “signal ahead”, “one vehicle per green”, and “stop here on red”.

application of RF data transmission in freeway ramp metering by Gene P. Ritch Download PDF EPUB FB2

An Application of RF Data Transmission in Freeway Ramp Metering AulHor'sl Gene P. Ritch 9. PerforMing Texas Transportation O'ganirotion Name ond Addre.s Institute 5, Report Dote September 6. Performing Orgoni zotion CoJ~;' 8. Performing Orgoni lOfion Report NI Research Report Work Un,t No.

The Link-Node Cell transmission model is preferred for simulation, since it has the capability to simulate traffic networks which include freeways and arte-rial networks, as compared to the ACTM, which has been primarily used for freeway simulations. As a result, the Link-Node CTM model has been used for imputation of on-ramp and off-ramp.

Freeway ramp metering: an overview Abstract: Recurrent and nonrecurrent congestion on freeways may be alleviated if today's "spontaneous" infrastructure utilization is replaced by an orderly, controllable operation via comprehensive application of ramp metering and freeway-to-freeway control, combined with powerful optimal control by:   Gomes and Horowitz () presented an optimal freeway ramp metering approach that was based on the asymmetric cell transmission model, which can be efficiently solved by linear programming.

Han et al. () presented a linear quadratic MPC approach for ramp metering based on an extended cell transmission model (CTM) which took the capacity Cited by: 6. Ramp metering is the most widely practiced strategy to control freeway traffic.

It has been gradually recognized that ramp metering can directly control the average density immediately downstream of the onramp. Alternatively, ramp metering controls the demand from the onramp into the mainline of the freeway.

After entering the. ITS Application: Ramp Metering. Environment/Component Function. ramp meter signal controllers, local traffic signal controllers and/or a central traffic signal control system to run algorithms and carry out local-responsive ramp metering control.

Ramp Meter The ramp control signal and the ramp meter signal controller operating. Ramp metering is one of the most common methods used in which the freeway traffic flow is smoothed by means of a traffic signal on a freeway entry ramp.

In this study, the effect of ramp metering on traffic of a section of Perth’s Mitchell Freeway was investigated through micro-simulation modelling. Ramp flow control (also known as ramp metering) uses specialized traffic signals that release vehicles onto a freeway in a smooth and even manner.

The goal is to minimize the interference of entering vehicles on freeway traffic and prevent stop-and-go traffic that ripples upstream and slows the entire freeway. Figure 2 Typical Freeway Entrance with 1-lane Ramp Meter, Loop Ramp to be data that is less than two years old).

If this data Peak hour traffic data from the annual Traffic Volumes book is not adequate for this application. The design advice and typical designs that follow should not be directly applied to ramp meter instal. cable systems, as well as the local ramp-metering con­ trollers, were specified well in advance of the data­ communication and TCC systems.

This led to the instal­ lation of a pair cable along with the coaxial cable to provide for voice-band data communications in the event that broadband data communications could not be used. Analysis of a Ramp Metering Application for Mitchell Freeway After defining the geometrical scope of the study, different sets of data were obtained to be used as input for the model or as benchmarks.

The data include Mitchell Freeway, ramp metering was added and studied in the model. Ramp meters. ramp-metering control. The purpose of studying freeway ramp metering control is beneficial to the system in terms of total timesaving, e.g., the ramp metering control applied dynamic optimal process to minimize the total travel time in the system [6].

This paper proposes a model includes dynamic traffic and linear approach to design. Among the operational strategies for improving freeway performance is onramp metering, in which the flow of vehicles allowed onto the freeway is regulated in order to avoid breakdown due to oversaturation.

The history of optimization-based ramp metering begins with the work of Wattleworth and Berry (). This first formulation of the problem. The work presented in this paper deals with freeway ramp metering using a differential flatness concept.

Such an approach is deployed in the cases when the traffic data provided by loop detectors. The operations of freeway ramp metering and urban traffic network signal control are independent in most areas.

Such situation may cause some conflict between traffic streams of the two subsystems. Ramp metering, the most direct and efficient way to control freeway networks, aims at improving traffic conditions by appropriately regulating inflow from the on-ramps to the freeway mainstream.

Coordinated ramp-metering strategies make use of measurements from a freeway network to control all metered ramps included therein. A new traffic. This research project seeks innovative and prac-tical traffic control strategies integrating coordinated ramp metering and variable speed limit (VSL).

During the first part of the project, A1 freeway from Lausanne to Geneva was selected for the data collection. Alkadri, Mohamed Yaser, "Freeway Control Via Ramp Metering: Development of a Basic Building Block for an On-Ramp, Discrete, Stochastic, Mesoscopic, Simulation Model within a Contextual Systems Approach" ().

Dissertations and Theses. using data from eight ramps at Interstate-B in San Diego. Freeway and Ramp Real Time Forecasting. Volume II, Application of Pattern Recognition to Forecast Congested Conditions on the Freeway for Use in Ramp Metering, (WA-RD ). Freeway and Ramp Real Time Forecasting.

Volume III, Evaluation of a Predicting Algorithm for a Real-Time Ramp Control System, (WA-RD ). Evaluation of Freeway-Merging Safety as Influenced by Ramp-Metering Control Bartholomew T. Cima,* Peat, Marwick, Mitchell and Company The traffic-i:onflict technique was modified to evaluate the relative safety of freeway merging with and without the use of entrance ramp-metering control.

ramp demand, and require significant changes in existing ramp metering operations if ramp metering continues to be used as part of freeway traffic management.

Furthermore, researchers used computer. tional strategies in freeway trafc control, ramp metering is proven to be effective and crucial [1]. Because of the effectiveness of ramp metering in reducing freeway trafc congestion, a large amount of research has been conducted on development of ramp metering algorithms ranging from classical control tools to synthesis from formal specications.

ramps onto a freeway. Ramp metering controls the flow of vehicles entering the freeway by allowing them to merge into mainline traffic one at a time, rather than as a platoon of cars. This is accomplished through the use of vehicle detection devices (induction loops), field controllers, ramp meters, and a central computer system.

Metering (or Ramp Metering) is the application of traffic control to freeway on-ramps to limit the rate of flow entering freeway sections. Metering has several purposes. The primary purpose is to optimize traffic flow.

Metering keeps traffic flowing at. use of freeway capacity. The first use of ramp metering was in Chicago, inand today ramp meters are becoming more popular in both the US and in Europe. Although the original ramp metering controllers used pre -timed ramp meters, nearly all modern ramp metering algorithms are traffic responsive.

Traffic responsive ramp meters. In this work, we apply single neuron method to relieve freeway traffic congestion. We consider a freeway composed of cells and entry/exit ramps, and formulate the ramp metering problem as a density tracking process.

The cell transmission model (CTM) is firstly formulated and ramp control objective is determined. Based on CTM and single neuron, a freeway ramp metering system is then designed. upstream freeway sections. Thus, ramp-metering should be installed on a sufficiently wide section of a freeway if it is to achieve its expected benefits and keep the motorists happy.

When properly installed, ramp metering has the potential to achieve the following benefits: • increased freeway productivity, • increased speeds. There are three types of ramp meter locations (2): 1. Arterial-to-Freeway Metering – The most common ramp metering location to date, where ramp meters are installed on the on-ramps between city streets and the freeway.

Freeway-to-Freeway Metering – Ramp meters are placed on the ramp connectors between two freeways. the more congested afternoon peak period. It is suggested that fine-tuning of ramp metering parameters is very likely to result in additional benefits for the corridor.

Crash rates during ramp metering hours were lower by 13% with the new ramp meters operational. Key Words Ramp meter, freeway, measures of effectiveness, speed. A ramp meter, ramp signal, or metering light is a device, usually a basic traffic light or a two-section signal light (red and green only, no yellow) together with a signal controller, that regulates the flow of traffic entering freeways according to current traffic conditions.

Ramp meters are used at freeway on-ramps to manage the rate of automobiles entering the freeway. Lu X.Y. Qiu T.Z. Varaiya P. Horowitz R. Shladover S.E. Combining Variable Speed Limits with Ramp Metering for freeway traffic control.

Proceedings of the American Control Conference, ACCpp. – Google Scholar.Ramp Metering KEY BENEFITS: 1. Reduces need to cut through city streets 2.

Reduces congestion 3. Eliminates off-ramp to on-ramp cut through traffic 4. Smooths out freeway traffic flow 5. Reduces accidents caused by traffic merging onto freeway 6.

Improves air quality Ramp meters are traffic signals placed at freeway on-ramps.system efficiency are worth the cost of ramp metering improvements. Most drivers are aware that ramp metering smoothes the merge onto the freeway. Ramp metering reduces mainline congestion by reducing the turbulence caused by merging platoons.

However, many drivers are not aware that a system-wide ramp metering.